Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza’s colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities.
The decision to add Arab Republic of Egypt was only made in November 2018. Thus Arab Republic of Egypt did not form part of the baseline study that was performed in 2016. Baseline Status for Arab Republic of Egypt is pending completion of baseline study in 2019